On 17-18 November 2011, Urban LandMark hosted a learning event comparing findings of how the poor access, hold and trade land from 'operation of the land market' studies in Maputo and Luanda and our three-city South Africa study of some years ago. Urban LandMark commissioned the Maputo study and supported our partners in Angola, Development Workshop, with survey methodology design and the development of recommendations in their much larger study.
This event was the first in a series of engagements feeding into our Tenure Security Facility Southern Africa 2012 programme of work supported by a Catalytic Fund grant from Cities Alliance. The Programme will provide technical assistance and advisory services on incrementally securing tenure in slum upgrading. The work aims to contribute to improved access to land for poorer people, which in turn contributes to improved livelihoods, active citizenship and wealth creation.
We learnt about similarities in the colonial legacies of Mozambique and Angola and how these have influenced land arrangements today. Both countries have also experienced prolonged periods of civil war which has shaped urbanisation patterns in Maputo and Luanda - the two cities the projects studied. We identified how the evolution of local government and democracy is different, with for example elected municipalities in Mozambique. In all three studies, including the South African study that Urban LandMark undertook several years ago, we find evidence of the strength of social relationships shaping land access and tenure arrangements - neighbours, friends and family play an important part in information provision and dispute resolution concerning land. While civil war-era party-appointed local leaders play a strong role in Maputo and Luanda, we discussed the extent to which they are beginning to evolve and democratise.
A second purpose of the learning event was to explore our work for 2012 within the Tenure Security Facility. We plan to provide advisory support in both Luanda and Maputo on tenure security, the latter in close collaboration with Cities Alliance and their country partnership programme in Mozambique.
The Tenure Security Facility extends and expands on work Urban LandMark has undertaken over the past four years. This work is already making a significant impact in changing the profile of the need for incremental tenure in the slum upgrading process and thinking around how this should occur. We are excited about the possibilities that the proposed programme offers in terms of increasing the extent to which this change occurs and building on the knowledge base that has been developed thus far, in addition to the potential impact it will have on people living in slums in Southern Africa.
Through the Learning Event, we have made progress towards exploring working with the Maputo Municipal Council, ANAMM (the Association of Municipalities in Mozambique), Angola's Development Workshop and Slum Dwellers International (who co-sponsored our Cities Alliance application). We also agreed to continue the comparative research, as the Tenure Security Facility also plans for two further 'Operation of the Market' studies in 2012. Urban LandMark will conduct one such study in Mozambique and a second in another southern African country currently being identified.