Lesotho has had a particular history of land administration, arising from the country's status as indirectly ruled British protectorates rather than directly ruled colonies. This has accentuated the continued role of traditional leaders in land management and administration, even in urban centres such as Maseru. The formal system of land supply in Lesotho is notoriously limited, with the bulk of new land coming into the market via traditional leaders. The Lesotho government, with the support of international development partners, has for many years tried to rationalise the land administration system. In 2010, these efforts came to a head with the enactment of two key laws - the Land Administration Authority Act and the Land Act. These statutes fundamentally reshape the legislative context for the supply, development and transacting of land in the country. A new Land Administration Authority has also been set up, and considerable technical support is to be provided to the new Authority through support from the Millennium Challenge Corporation.
Urban LandMark towards the end of 2010 commissioned Prof. Clement Resetselemang Leduka of the Institute of Southern African Studies to carry out a scoping study to identify those issues around Lesotho's modernisation of its governance systems for land administration where organisations working in this field could provide support in the medium term.